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Business Name: Washington Speech

11150 Fairfax Blvd, Suite 500
Fairfax, Virginia 22030

Phone Number: 703-537-0373

Email Address:


Describe treatment approach used: My overall philosophy is that treatment should be fun and functional. I do not believe in using just one approach to treatment and will tailor my treatment to the individual child. However, I primarily use Dynamic Temporal and Tactile Cueing (DTTC) and incorporate the principles of motor learning.

Target Selection:
- I select targets based on the child's current phonetic and phonemic inventories as well as the syllable shapes they produce.
- I will change on variable at a time: new sounds are introduced in "old" syllable shapes and new syllable shapes are introduced using "old" sounds
- I choose initial stimuli based on vowel errors
- The number of targets depends on the severity, ranging from 5 targets for severe CAS up to 10 targets for mild CAS.
- When selecting stimuli, I consider parent input, words that are extremely important for the (e.g. child's name, names of pets/family members, favorite food/toy), and core vocabulary research (words that are used frequently are going to be more functional for the child)
- Once a target meets criteria, a new one is introduced
- Targets move from an "acquisition" phase to a "retention" phase

- The goal is to improve the child's ability to assemble, retrieve, and execute motor plans for speech
- At first, maximum cues are provided. They are then faded, giving the child increasing responsibility for programming and executing the motor plan on his or her own.
- The constant adding and facing of cues is the most important aspect of this method.
- A variety of cues (tactile, gestural, visual, auditory, phonetic placement) may be used as needed. I am PROMPT level 1 trained and will often incorporate the touch cues from PROMPT as part of this system.

Principles of Motor Learning (PML):
I incorporate the PML into my treatment sessions to maximize motor learning. I aim to maximize the number of trials per session by using quick reinforcers and short breaks. When a target is first introduced, I use a modified block approach and move to random practice as the target becomes more accurate. At first, specific, frequent feedback is provided, fading to infrequent, less specific feedback as accuracy improves.

Other Approaches:
For a child with more mild CAS or one who primarily needs to work on prosody, I may select Rapid Syllable Transition Treatment (ReST) as the treatment approach. Even if I do not use ReST in its entirety, I have found the framework helpful for teaching the concepts of "sounds, beats, & smooth."

Describe parent/caregiver involvement: Parent involvement is very important in my therapy process. At the beginning of treatment, I provide parent eduation on the nature of CAS, the type of treatment used, and the importance of carryover into other envioronments. I ask parents to fill out a core vocabulary development sheet in which they identify potentiail stimuli that would be meaningful for their child. I ask them to include family members' names, favorite foods/toys/activities/places, and any other words the parent feels would be extremely helpful for the child to be able to say accurately. Throughout treatment, we review and revise this information and work together to make sure the targets selected are functional for the child.

I encourage parents to observe treatment sessions so they can better understand the treatment process and watch my cueing in action. My treatment sessions are 30 minutes in length with 8-10 minutes at the end being reserved for "home program." During the home program, I continue my therapy with the child and ask the parent to observe (if not already in the room). I then discuss the homework with the parent and demonstrate what to do at home. Homework depends on the child's level of success with each target during the session and the parent's level of comfort with providing cues. If the parent demonstrates comfort using cues to help the child with acquisition targets, I will include these in the homework. If not, the homework will typically be retention targets. I like to incorporate targets into daily routines and suggest fun activities to make practice motivating! I always stress the importance of completing the homework and how this can impact progress in therapy.

Describe your past and current involvement in the Apraxia community​?​ Working with children with CAS has been a passion of mine since graduate school. I was lucky to attend a school that had a CASANA Apraxia Bootcamp graduate as a clincial supervisor (Jodi Kumar, M.S., CCC-SLP). I learned a lot about diagnosis and treatment from her. During graduate school, I was a clinican for the Childhood Apraxia and Motor Planning (CHAMP) Camp and completed a research project on the use of Dynamic Temporal and Tactile Cueing (DTTC) at this camp. I presented this research at the 2016 ASHA convention in Philadelphia and the 30th World Congress of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics in Dublin, Ireland.

I seek out continuing educaiton opportunites related to CAS to improve my clinical skills with this population. When working with my families who have children with CAS, I refer them to CASANA for information and support. I work closely with patient's family members and school speech pathologists (as applicable) to understand my treatment approach and ensure generalization across enviornments. I enjoy the opportunity to teach other speech pathologists about evidence-based treatment strategies for CAS.

Do you provide consultation/collaboration with other professionals (for example, ​​attending IEP meetings, co treating, etc.) Yes

Age range​ treated?​ 0 years to 99 years

Hours of operation: Monday-Thursday: 8am-7pm; Friday 8am-5pm

Locations where​ treatment ​is ​provided? Office/Clinic

Insurance accepted? Yes