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Basic information about Childhood Apraxia of Speech, definitions, characteristics, speech & language development basics.

  • What Causes Childhood Apraxia of Speech and Is It Preventable?

    Parents often wonder why their child has apraxia of speech and whether or not they did something "wrong".

    First, it is important for parents to understand that there is most likely nothing that you did to “cause” your child’s speech disability. It is not about how much you talked to your child or whether or not you had them in daycare, for example. Your child does not have apraxia because you separated from […]

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  • Will my child with CAS ever achieve normal speech?

    By
    Kathy J. Jakielski, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

    This question, dealing with long-term outcomes and prognosis, is one that virtually all parents will wonder and ask at some point after learning that their child has CAS. This question might arise during the childs initial assessment, or later, sometime during intervention. It is an important question for both parents and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to […]

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  • Why is Childhood Apraxia of Speech A Controversial Diagnosis?

    By
    Lawrence Shriberg, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

    Let me begin by noting that my clinical and research experience convinces me that the core problem in this disorder is appropriately described by the diagnostic term childhood apraxia of speech. The controversy, as I see it, is that there currently are no research findings that provide unequivocal support for the core problem or its […]

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  • What is the Difference Between Speech Motor Planning, Programming and Execution?

    By
    Anita van der Merwe, Ph.D.

    When a person decides to communicate verbally, the message first has to be converted from an abstract idea to meaningful linguistic (language) symbols. Syntactic, morphological, and phonological planning, occur. This linguistic-symbolic planning is a pre-motor (non-motor) phase. The language message must then be transformed into a code that can be handled by a motor (movement) […]

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  • What Is Inconsistency and Variability of Speech in Relation to CAS?

    By
    Donald A. Robin, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, BC-NCD

    When I assess variability and consistency I use specific operational definitions to define each behavior. The following is related to the perceptual analysis level (basically what our ear tells us is happening). Variability refers to the tendency to make different errors during multiple productions of a given sound in the exact context (same word or […]

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  • What Do Researchers Know about Genetics and CAS?

    By
    Lawrence Shriberg, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

    The primary findings on the genetics of CAS have emerged from studies of a London family (the ‘KE’ family), half of whose members have an orofacial apraxia and a reported apraxia of speech. Reviews of this widely-cited project include technical and more accessible descriptions of the mutation on the FOXP2 gene (located on chromosome 7) […]

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  • The Role of the Developmental Pediatrician and Children with CAS

    By
    Heidi Feldman, MD, Ph.D.

    Developmental-behavioral pediatrics is a subspecialty of pediatrics. As such, it functions with the orientation, beliefs, and practices of Western allopathic medicine. In this tradition, the practitioner gathers information about signs and symptoms and tries to explain them through a single over-riding diagnosis. In the process, the practitioner considers many diagnoses that might account for signs […]

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  • The Purpose of Genetic Testing and Its Relevance to Children with Apraxia

    By
    Heidi Feldman, M.D., Ph.D.

    The purpose of genetic testing is to provide a genetic diagnosis and to provide as much information as possible to patients and families. First, the information may explain why a child, in this case, has a disorder. Understanding the cause of a disorder is helpful to many families. Second, if the testing reveals a known […]

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  • The Importance of Parent Involvement in the Speech Therapy Process

    By
    Ruth Stoeckel, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

    When a child is diagnosed with a speech problem such as CAS, their parents enter a world of therapists and services that is new and unfamiliar to most of them. The process of evaluation and development of an intervention plan can be intimidating. It may be tempting for parents to rely on the therapist to […]

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  • Speech Therapy for Apraxia: Frequency, Intensity, 1:1

    By
    Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association

    Children with apraxia of speech are often described in the professional literature as needing frequent and intensive speech therapy in order to address the motor planning and programming issues which are at the heart of their speech difficulty. Included below are the most relevant citations available in the literature that describe the need for frequency […]

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